Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia

Lithgow

Lithgow is a city in the Central Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia and is the administrative centre of the City of Lithgow local government area. It is located in a mountain valley named Lithgow's Valley by John Oxley in honour of William Lithgow, the first Auditor-General of New South Wales. Lithgow is on the Great Western Highway. Geographically, it is situated on the far western side of the Sydney basin. Lithgow is surrounded by a varied landscape which includes national parks, one of which, the Blue Mountains National Park, is a World Heritage Area. The Wollemi National Park is home to the Jurassic-age tree the Wollemi Pine, which was found growing in a remote canyon in the park.  

Edited By:Travalian Downloader Rahul Updated : 2019-09-27 Suggest an edit

Lithgow is a city in the Central Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia and is the administrative centre of the City of Lithgow local government area. It is located in a mountain valley named Lithgow's Valley by John Oxley in honour of William Lithgow, the first Auditor-General of New South Wales. Lithgow is on the Great Western Highway. Geographically, it is situated on the far western side of the Sydney basin. Lithgow is surrounded by a varied landscape which includes national parks, one of which, the Blue Mountains National Park, is a World Heritage Area. The Wollemi National Park is home to the Jurassic-age tree the Wollemi Pine, which was found growing in a remote canyon in the park.  

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The mountainous terrain of the Blue Mountains and the expense of building long tunnels required the construction of The Great Zig Zag railway between 1866 and 1869. The line was opened as far as Bowenfels, just to the west, in 1869, but Lithgow station was not opened until 1877. Although it was superseded in 1910 by more modern engineering methods, including ten tunnels, parts of the Zig Zag have been developed into a popular tourist attraction. Following a period of industrialisation in the late 1860s and 1870s, the town of Lithgow boomed during the 1880s, and it was incorporated as a borough in 1889. The town is the centre of a coal mining district and there is one coal-powered power station nearby. It is the site of Australia's first commercially viable steel mill, the ruins of which are open for inspection at ""Blast Furnace Park"". Due to the abundance of coal and relative proximity to Sydney, in the areas surrounding Lithgow are two of the largest power stations in NSW, the Mount Piper and Wallerawang power stations. Both are operated by Energy Australia NSW. The Lithgow Power Station was in use from 1928 to 1964.  

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Zig Zag Railway: If you are travelling with children a stopover at the Zig Zag railway (on Bells Line of Road 10km west of Bell) is an enjoyable train journey, particularly if the Thomas the Tank Engine journey is being offered. The regular Zig Zag service departs six times daily starting from 9.40 am and finishing at 1.40 pm. It takes about 2.5 hours return. ""The Zig Zag Railway was built between 1866 and 1869, and acclaimed a major engineering feat of its time. It was constructed to enable produce to be taken to Sydney from the prosperous farming areas beyond the Blue Mountains and to develop the coal and iron ore deposits found in the Lithgow Valley ... The prodigious feat of bringing the railway from the top of the mountains to the valley below was accomplished by John Whitton, Chief Engineer of the NSW Government Railways. At the time The Great Zig Zag was regarded as one of the engineering wonders of the Victorian age ... The Zig Zag consists of a series of sloping tracks forming the letter ""Z"" with reversing stations at Top and Bottom Points. Hoskins Memorial Church: At the corner of Mort and Bridge Streets, and surrounded by landscaped gardens, is the Hoskins Memorial Uniting Church, built from 1916-1928 at the behest of local steel magnate Charles Hoskins. This Gothic church was made of Waverley and Pyrmont sandstone, cut and finished in Sydney and shipped by rail to Lithgow. The furnishings are of Queensland maple and the striking 30 m spire houses a war memorial carillon. The Office of Environment and Heritage notes of the building: ""Guildford Hoskins, the eldest son of Charles, the Lithgow ironmaster, died in an explosion at Eskroy Park in 1916 at the age of 29. His father determined to build a Presbyterian church in his memory. Work began on clearing an old brickwork site in 1919, and a hall was erected in 1924, but the church was built only after Charles Hoskins' own death in 1926. Lithgow Court House: Located on the corner of Bridge and Mort Streets, the Lithgow Court House was designed by J. Barnet and W. Vernon and completed in 1879. The Office of Environment and Heritage describes it as ""originally a Victorian building, has a Federation Free Style main façade which features an eclectic combination of elements and details with classical features, including a central arched entrance with multipanelled glazed windows over the main entrance. The single-storey flanking wings have gable end walls which are joined into the main building with verandas supported by brick columns. Internal joinery and features remain intact.  

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Lithgow is immediately to the west of the Blue Mountains, approximately an hour's drive from the westernmost suburbs of Sydney. By car: From Sydney and the east take the Great Western Highway through the Blue Mountains. Lithgow is located at the bottom of the descent of the mountains. The Bells Line of Road from Windsor is a narrower, quieter road, that avoids many of the Blue Mountains townships. From the west there are a few road links, including the Great Western Highway to Bathurst and links to Mudgee. By train: Lithgow is the westernmost terminus of Sydney's electric train network. NSW Trainlink Intercity runs unbooked/unreserved trains to Lithgow departing every one or two hours during the day, and less often throughout the night. The train trip takes three hours from the centre of Sydney and two hours from Penrith in the west. NSW Trainlink regional trains booked/reserved services to and from Dubbo also stop at Lithgow once a day in each direction, a little faster, but more costly. You can only reserve seats from Sydney a few days before, as seats are held for travellers going to stations not serviced by unbooked trains. By bus: There are several bus services every day from Dubbo, Bathurst, Orange, Forbes and Parkes, each designed to meet the trains to Sydney. These buses are run by NSW Trainlink Regional and the local Lithgow Buslines.  

Edited By:Travalian Downloader Rahul Updated : 2019-09-27 Suggest an edit
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