Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia

Broken Hill

Broken Hill is an inland mining city in the far west of outback New South Wales, Australia. It is near the border with South Australia on the crossing of the Barrier Highway and the Silver City Highway, in the Barrier Range. It is 315 m above sea level, with a hot desert climate, and an average rainfall of 235 mm. The closest major city is Adelaide, the capital of South Australia, which is more than 500 km to the southwest and linked via route A32. The town has a high historical importance in Australia's mining and economic history after the discovery of silver ore led to the opening of various mines, thus establishing Broken Hill's recognition as a prosperous mining town well into the 1990s. Despite experiencing a slowing economic situation into the late 1990s and 2000s, Broken Hill itself was listed on the National Heritage List in 2015 and remains Australia's longest running mining town. Broken Hill has been referred to as ""The Silver City"", and less commonly as the ""Oasis of the West"", and the ""Capital of the Outback"". Although over 1,100 km west of Sydney and surrounded by semi-desert, the town has prominent park and garden displays and offers a number of attractions, such as the Living Desert Sculptures.The town has a high potential for solar power, given its extensive daylight hours of sunshine.The Broken Hill Solar Plant, which was completed in 2015, is one of the largest in the Southern Hemisphere.  

Edited By:Travalian Downloader Rahul Updated : 2019-09-27 Suggest an edit

Broken Hill is an inland mining city in the far west of outback New South Wales, Australia. It is near the border with South Australia on the crossing of the Barrier Highway and the Silver City Highway, in the Barrier Range. It is 315 m above sea level, with a hot desert climate, and an average rainfall of 235 mm. The closest major city is Adelaide, the capital of South Australia, which is more than 500 km to the southwest and linked via route A32. The town has a high historical importance in Australia's mining and economic history after the discovery of silver ore led to the opening of various mines, thus establishing Broken Hill's recognition as a prosperous mining town well into the 1990s. Despite experiencing a slowing economic situation into the late 1990s and 2000s, Broken Hill itself was listed on the National Heritage List in 2015 and remains Australia's longest running mining town. Broken Hill has been referred to as ""The Silver City"", and less commonly as the ""Oasis of the West"", and the ""Capital of the Outback"". Although over 1,100 km west of Sydney and surrounded by semi-desert, the town has prominent park and garden displays and offers a number of attractions, such as the Living Desert Sculptures.The town has a high potential for solar power, given its extensive daylight hours of sunshine.The Broken Hill Solar Plant, which was completed in 2015, is one of the largest in the Southern Hemisphere.  

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Broken Hill and the surrounding area has many natural and man-made attractions on offer for the tourist. These include mining operations (some open to the public), a visitor's centre and lookout on top of the original Line of Lode mine, historic buildings, town history walking trails, many resident artists and galleries, the Sculpture Symposium, COBB & Co coach & wagon rides, Silverton Camel Farm, Stephen's Creek, several quarries, lakes, the Mundi-Mundi plains, and sunsets. The Albert Kersten Mining and Minerals Museum, located on Bromide Street and Crystal Lane, explores the mining history of the town through geology exhibits. Broken Hill is a major base for both the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia and School of the Air. The Brushmen of the Bush was a group of artists who formed in Broken Hill in 1973. Members included Pro Hart and Jack Absalom. The Pro Hart Gallery and Sculpture Park contains a large collection of Hart's paintings and sculptures, as well as many artworks of others that he collected during his lifetime. The gallery also features the Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow that he painted in his unique style. Many clubs exist and are open most nights of the week until late. Establishments catering to both locals and tourists include the Musician's Club and the Barrier Social Democratic Club.  

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The earliest human settlers in the area around Broken Hill are thought to have been the Wiljakali Indigenous Australians, once thought to have only intermittently lived in the area because of the lack of permanent water sources, but it has since been found that the Indigenous Clans of the area were able to survive on underground water holes and wells that were unknown to the European settlers. Many of these waterholes are still kept secret from non-Indigenous people. As in much of Australia, a combination of white settler disease and aggression drove them from their lands. The first whites to visit the area was then Surveyor General of New South Wales, Major Thomas Mitchell, in 1841. Three years later in 1844, the explorer Charles Sturt saw and named the Barrier Range while searching for an inland sea; so naming it because it was blocked to his journey north. Burke and Wills passed through the area on their famous 1860–61 expedition, setting up a base camp at nearby Menindee. Pastoralists first began settling the area in the 1850s, and the main trade route to the area was along the Darling River. Broken Hill was founded in 1883 by boundary rider Charles Rasp, who patrolled the Mount Gipps fences. In 1883 he discovered what he thought was tin, but the samples proved to be silver and lead. The orebody they came from proved to be the largest and richest of its kind in the world. Rasp and six associates founded the Broken Hill Proprietary Company,later BHP Billiton, and now BHP again, in 1885 as the Syndicate of Seven. By 1915 BHP had realised that its ore reserves were limited and begun to diversify into steel production. Mining at the BHP mines at Broken Hill ceased 28 February 1939. BHP was not the only mining operation at Broken Hill though, and mining continued at the southern and northern ends of the Line of Lode. Currently the southern and northern operations are run by Perilya Limited, who plan to open further mines along the Line of Lode. The Battle of Broken Hill took place on New Year's Day 1915 when two Afghan men fired upon a trainload of people who were headed to a New Years Day picnic. Since Australia was at war at the time with the Ottoman Empire, the men were first thought to be Turkish, but were later identified as being from the British colony of India.They killed four and wounded six, before they were killed by a group of policemen and soldiers. In 1918, the Italian Ambassador to Australia, Emilio Eles, with the help of the Australian police and the army, organised the roundup of Italian deserters working there as miners, to be forcibly sent back to Italy to fight in the war.  

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From casual cafes and elegant restaurants to picnicking in one of the city’s beautiful parks and gardens, there are plenty of cuisine choices in Broken Hill. Supporting the city’s dining culture is an abundance of dedicated food producers like Santalum Quandong Farm, makers of premium jams, sauces and chutneys. Others include Broken Hill Gourmet Products, which make Australian Outback olive oil, and Limestone Station which produce Kalamata olives and olive oil along with pistachio nuts, carob products, roasted capsicum, antipasto and an assortment of plenty more. You’ll also find all these delicious products for sale in quality stores throughout Broken Hill, in nearby Silverton and at Broken Hill’s famous Community Markets.  

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You can go underground in the mining shaft and get a real experience of mining. Before 2007 there was a tour of Delprat's mine which overlooked the town and took visitors over 100 metres below ground to workings that were active in the late 20th century. However active mining in the vicinity caused the mine to close to tourists. The Daydream Mine is just out of town on the road to Silverton, and is much smaller, but gives an impression of what mining was like in the 19th century, when all of the work was done by hand. Pony, Horse Trail Rides & carriage rides.There's plenty to do for the whole family at The Silver City Cobb & Co Stagecoach Stop at 383 Brookfield Av the edge of town. Kids can have pony rides while bigger kids can experience trail riding or supervised horse rides, for those that can't ride you can have riding lessons or a coach ride. Broken Hill is a major base for both the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia and School of the Air. Expensive but fun! Silver City Scenic Flights, Airport Road, Broken Hill, NSW 2880.Silver City Scenic Flights shows you the unique Australian Outback landscape from the air. This affords amazing views of Broken Hill, the Barrier range, Flinders Range and Mildura areas, including the Menindee Lakes and Lake Eyre. Flying in their high winged aircraft provides unrivaled visibility of features that can not be seen from the ground. Silver City Scenic Flights offer a range of tours and air safaris with destinations throughout Central Australia. Broken Hill, Mildura, Menindee Lakes, White Cliffs, the Darling and Murray Rivers, Flinders Ranges, Wilpena Pound, Lake Eyre, Simpson Desert, Birdsville, Bourke & Wills camp 65 on the Cooper River, Coober Pedy, Mungo National Park and Uluru are all potential options. A friendly and professional service, employing highly experienced and skilled pilots. Customer safety, comfort and enjoyment are top priorities. A twenty-five minute local scenic flight over Broken Hill starts at AU$95. A full day air safari for two people to Lake Eyre, including Wilpena Pound, Lake Frome, Leigh Creek, William Creek and Arkaroola, costs AU$2140 per person AU$95 - AU$2140.  

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By car: It is just over 1,000 km of mostly long straight drive to Broken Hill from Sydney, and just over 500 km from Adelaide. Both roads are mostly good quality sealed roads. The scenery will change slowly along the way. Broken Hill is in the outback, but is easily accessible by car. Traveling via car from dusk to dawn should be avoided. It is the peak time for accidents with kangaroos. A large number of motorists are caught in the Outback having collisions with kangaroos. Any repairs in this isolated community can take quite a while to complete. By train: NSW Trainlink run weekly direct services to Broken Hill from Sydney. It is called the 'Outback Explorer'. The return journey is on the Tuesday (7:45AM–9:48PM). NSW Trainlink also run a daily service that is a train to Dubbo from Sydney and then a bus from Dubbo to Broken Hill. Indian Pacific runs directly to Broken Hill twice a week from Sydney and Adelaide. Tours of the town are available while the train is stopped at Broken Hill if travelling the Indian Pacific between Sydney and Adelaide/Perth. It is not possible to take cars to Broken Hill by train. The only drop-off/collection points are in Sydney and Adelaide. Broken Hill train station is one block from the main shopping strip and walking distance to some accommodation. Taxis are available at the station to meet the trains. By plane: Regional Express has direct services from Sydney, Adelaide and Dubbo. The Sydney service can either be direct or with a stop over in Dubbo. Essentially there are two flights per day from Sydney to Broken Hill however they book out quickly. The Adelaide service is a direct flight with two to three return flights per day. The airport is on the edge of South Broken Hill. Taxis are available at the airport into the town centre. Ask the flight attendant to arrange for a taxi pickup. By bus: NSW Trainlink offer a combined train and bus route from Sydney via Dubbo. Buses R Us have three scheduled services per week between Adelaide and Broken Hill. The travel time is about 7 hours. Greyhound no longer offer a service to Broken Hill from Adelaide and V Line only offers a service as far as Mildura.  

Edited By:Travalian Downloader Rahul Updated : 2019-09-27 Suggest an edit
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